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This Web Page Is A Service Offered Connects Home Owners With Qualified Stucco Contractors. . We Will Gladly Recommend Our Best Contractors Who Will Properly Install Any Products To Last As Long As Possible, Also Ensuring That You Get A Great Value For Your Home Renovation Project.
Many (But Not All) Stucco Contractors Thrive Off Of Their Clients’ Inability To Solicit Multiple Quotes, Then Qualify And Compare Them. Questions Like: How Do I Know This Is Being Installed Properly? How Much Should This Really Cost? Does Your Quote Include Everything Your Competitor’s Does? The Answers Are Usually Based On How The Contractors Can Easily Extract The Most Profit From Of Their Customers (You), At A Borderline Illegal Cost To Quality To You.
Such A Protective, Energy Efficient, Beautiful Wall Cladding Has Nearly Limitless Potential In Terms Of Extending Building Life, Energy Savings And Design Capabilities; But Lacks Widely-Available, Unbiased, Up-To-Date Information.
Exterior Insulation Finish Systems offer a freedom of design that is flexible and versatile, incorporating curves, bends and sculpted details in a variety of textures and colours.
Colour, texture and design Nothing can impact the appearance of a home more dramatically than accent mouldings. Many architects, designers, and homeowners are moving toward period designs that include arches, accent mouldings, quoins, columns, and cornices.
Stucco and EIFS
One thing we should clear up first before we start. Stucco is not EIFS and EIFS is not stucco. Though it is common for homeowners to refer to EIFS as stucco, the two are quite different.
What is stucco?
Stucco is a material made of an aggregate, a binder, and water. Stucco is applied wet and hardens to a very dense solid. It is used as a coating for walls and ceilings and for decoration as well. Stucco may be used to cover less visually appealing construction materials such as concrete, cinder block, or brick.
As a building material, stucco is a durable, attractive, and weather-resistant wall covering. The finish coat usually contains an integral color and was typically textured for appearance.
While we do have a few traditional installers of stucco, we tend to focus on EIFS since it carries energy efficient qualities while providing the same aesthetic values of traditional stucco.
What is EIFS?
Exterior Insulation and Finish System (EIFS) is a type of building product that provides exterior walls with an insulated finished surface and waterproofing in an integrated composite material system.
Basic EIFS (called Barrier EIFS) are generally made up of three (3) parts;
- A layer of foam insulation
- A layer consisting of a fiberglass reinforcing mesh ( or “mesh”) embedded in a cementitous adhesive
- A final topcoat, usually referred to as finish coat
Another type is called an EIFS with Drainage, which is a barrier EIFS to which a water drainage capability has been added. This type of EIFS is required by many building codes on areas with wood frame construction and is intended to provide a path for incidental water that may get behind the EIFS with a safe route back to the outside. This would be the first layer added on top of your substrate.
Below is an example of EIFS with Drainage. Please refer to the labels on the diagram to get a better understanding of how this system is installed.
**PLEASE NOTE** This is only one example of an EIFS system. There are different options available depending on the substrate of your project.
Membranes are weather resistive barriers with specific vapour and water permeability features. They offer total air barrier continuity, preventing air infiltration. They allow for better moisture management and protect the structure against water infiltration damage. A tight building is much more energy efficient and comfortable.
2. EPS Insulation
The expanded polystyrene (EPS) rigid panel is the insulation component of the wall systems. The EPS panel has numerous advantages, including a guaranteed and permanent R-value, a high resistance to water and does not promote mildew. Made of 98% air, the EPS panel is very light. It contains no CFCs or HCFCs, and can incorporate recycled content.
3. Basecoat & Mesh
The base coat and mesh combination serves several functions. It helps to smooth the surface and correct imperfections. In addition, the cement base and mesh embedded form a solid and resistant shell which solidifies the wall surface.
4. Finish Coat
The finishes are the visible part of the system. They come in a wide range of 300 colours and are available in 12 different textures.
Why EIFS is better.
The majority of users of our site choose EIFS. Aside from being aesthetically pleasing which raises property values, it also provides insulation which lowers energy bills. This can prove to be quite effective when renovating older homes with poor insulation. In new construction, due to the energy efficiency of EIFS, it may be possible to specify lower-capacity heating and air conditioning equipment without sacrificing anything in terms of interior comfort.
EIFS is an exceptionally versatile and attractive product, hence its popularity.
There aren’t too many contractors (although we know of a few) who still do traditional stucco. If you think your home insulation is above average and just want to re-face your exterior, consider this less expensive option.
A closer look at insulation
Traditional stucco, since it’s traditionally applied over concrete, block or brick, at the end of the day, provides no insulation. There’s not much else to say about that.
EIFS is the exact opposite. EIFS is versatile enough to be attached to concrete, block, brick, masonry, plywood, various types of gypsum-based sheathings, and cement board. It’s insulation capabilities are high.
EIFS add to the “R-value” of a home. (R-value is a measurement of the resistance to heat flow; the higher the R-value, the better the material’s insulating value.) Most EIFS use insulation board with an R-value of R-4 to R-5.6 per inch as the innermost layer in the wall system. When combined with standard interior insulation, this extra layer can boost wall insulation from R-11 to R-16 or more. Great right? Wait, there’s more.
EIFS can reduce air infiltration by as much as 55% compared to standard brick or wood construction. And since walls are one of the greatest areas of heat and air conditioning loss, improvement in the wall insulation can be very meaningful in terms of energy conservation. And heating bills.
For more on exterior insulation, please visit our insulation page.
Periodic maintenance of anything should always be exercised to ensure a long lasting life. The same goes for EIFS.
EIFS rarely need painting. Most EIFS systems are specially formulated with 100% acrylic binder, which gives it a superior resistance to fading, chalking and yellowing. As a result, the systems tend to maintain their original appearance over time. And since the color is integral to the finish coat, even if the surface is scratched, the same color appears beneath the abrasion.
EIFS has an excellent resistance to dirt, mildew and mold. Should the surface ever become soiled, it can usually be cleaned by hosing it down.
EIFS is great… when properly installed
In our opinion, the application of EIFS is not a DIY endevour. We always recommend properly trained professionals to do the work. This ensures longevity and protects what may be the largest investment in your life. An improperly installed wall or use of sub-standard materials can contribute to negative effects.
EIFS (“Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems”, aka “synthetic stucco”) is an exterior building wall product and is a system of materials. EIFS provides insulation, weatherproofing and a finished surface in a single integrated product. There are various types of EIFS and several ways of installing it, but EIFS is usually applied onto the outside face of exterior building walls, in a series of steps, by professional plasterers, using hand tools. The installation steps are:
Attach the Insulation. Attach rigid foam insulation boards (white, in drawing above) to the building wall (gray, above) using an adhesive or mechanical anchors or both.
Apply the Base Coat. Apply a paste-like adhesive (blue, above) to the insulation, using a trowel, and embed fiberglass reinforcing mesh into the wet adhesive.
Apply the Finish Coat. Apply a colored, textured surface finish (yellow, above) to the dry adhesive layer (blue, above).
There are several types of EIFS, including the traditional barrier type, and the newer EIFS with Drainage type. The above description is of the simplest type – a barrier EIFS.
There are also a number of wall claddings that are not EIFS but that look a lot like EIFS (and vice versa), such as:
Portland Cement Plaster, also known as stucco. This is not EIFS. Stucco has been around for centuries and consists of Portland cement+sand+water, and is applied in a series of layers to a total thickness of about 1/2″ to 3/4″. Stucco is hard and brittle, provides no insulation, and requires “through-joints” (joints that go all the way through the stucco, known as “control joints”) every 150 square feet. Also – and this is important – there are various forms of “stucco”, some of which are thinner and use synthetic materials, and are also often called synthetic stucco. These “stucco” products contain no insulation and hence also are not EIFS. Confused? It gets better – sometimes the EIFS finish coat (see above) is used as the “top coat” on such stucco products. Such claddings are sometimes still called “EIFS” when they are, in fact, “stucco”. Thus, even though such walls “look like” “EIFS”, they are “stucco”, and the “top coat” – the EIFSfinish – should be considered to be a “paint” or coating.
DEFS, Direct-Applied Exterior Finish Systems, or sometimes called Direct Exterior Finish Systems. If you take the insulation layer out of an EIFS and apply the EIFS coatings directly to a substrate, you have what is sometimes called a Direct-Applied Exterior Finish System or DEFS. Since DEFS have no insulation, they are also not EIFS either, although the use of an EIFS finish product on a DEFS makes a DEFS look a lot like an EIFS (hence the confusion).
Many colors and surface textures are available with EIFS. EIFS can also be made into carved or contoured “shapes”, which give a wall a decorative effect and “shape”.
EIFS does not support the building (it is nonstructural), but rather is a cladding, like brick veneer or siding. EIFS is very light in weight, has excellent insulation characteristics, and is moderately priced.
EIFS can be used on many types of buildings, including homes, apartments, condos, offices, shopping centers, malls, high rise buildings, stores, hospitals, hotels, resorts, casinos, stadiums, government buildings, military installations, and many more. Simply, EIFS is an exceptionally versatile and attractive product. Hence is is very popular.
EIFS can be used on new buildings and on existing buildings. EIFS can also be prefabricated in a factory as ready-to-install wall panels that incorporate an integral metal frame. The completed panels can then be truck to the site, lifted with a crane, and welded to the building’s structural frame.
EIFS can be attached to concrete, brick, masonry, plywood, Oriented Strand Board (“OSB”), various types of gypsum-based sheathings, and cement board.
The EIFS industry trade association says that EIFS now accounts for about 10% of the new wall exterior wall construction in the USA. EIFS was developed in Europe after World War II and was first successfully commercialized in North America in the 1960′s.
Benefits of Choosing Stucco as your Stucco Company?
Stucco is a better exterior product than anything else.
Why select Stucco for your property’s exterior?
- Keeps house cool in summer and warm in winter.
- Is very easy to keep clean and maintain.
- Is very easy to paint if you want to change color.
FAQ, Textures, And Colors
Plaster, applied in a plastic state, may create a great variety of design configurations or texture patterns. It has been a popular finish for most of history, and can be applied to all types of buildings: from single-family homes to high-rise structures. Since it lasts the lifetime of the building, redecoration is necessary only when a change in color is desired.
Q: What are the benefits of stucco?
A: Added fire resistance, better insulation against heat as well as against cold, structural strength, and maintenance-free color coats. Instead of painting your house every five years, these finishes will last the life of the building. However they do start to mellow in appearance with the passage of time.
Q: What types of wood style can you stucco over?
A: Almost all which include horizontal or diagonal siding as well as T-one-eleven which if not maintained nears the end of its life cycle quickly. Although Ship-lap siding and shingles are about the only sidings I recommend removing, I have applied stucco over these on occasion.
Q: Can you apply a color coat over painted stucco?
A: Yes, however the painted surface must be prepared properly. It must be clean and then we apply a bonding agent over the painted surface. This adheres color coats to painted surfaces.
Q: Can I color coat just around a window?
A: No. You have to color the whole wall because color coat is not like paint. It cannot be blended in anywhere.
Q: Why does stucco darken when wet?
A: Because it is porous and not sealed like paint. When it absorbs water it darkens. This is normal and not a problem, the waterproof layer is behind the stucco.
Q: Is it cheaper to paint or stucco?
A: Painting is often, but not always, cheaper in the short run. It’s much easier to spray or roll on five gallons of paint on a single story home than it is to lath (paper and wire) the same home, then add fifteen tons of sand and cement to it after its lathed. But then you must repaint every 5-10 years. With a maintenance free stucco finish you will never have to refinish your home again.
These are the most common questions asked. If you have any other questions please contact us.